Everything You Need to Know About Rat Food, Toys, and More

at=”noopener”>natural toys and chews made specifically for rats. These toys help keep their teeth healthy and prevent boredom. Some popular options include small tunnels, ropes, and hanging toys. Just make sure that the toys you choose are made of safe materials and don’t have any small parts that could be ingested.

Another great form of entertainment for rats is a rat wheel. This allows them to run and burn off excess energy. Make sure the wheel is large enough for your rat to run comfortably without causing any strain on their back. You may need to experiment with a few different sizes to find the right fit for your furry friend. Some rats also enjoy playing with tunnels and mazes, which can be easily set up in their cage. It’s important to rotate and introduce new toys regularly to keep your rat engaged and stimulated.

Maintaining a Healthy Rat Diet

Just like any other pet, rats require a balanced diet to stay healthy. A commercial rat food mix is a good starting point, as it is specifically formulated to meet their nutritional needs. Look for a brand that includes a variety of grains, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. It’s also a good idea to supplement their diet with fresh fruits and vegetables as treats. Some safe options include broccoli, carrots, apples, and berries.

rat diet

It’s important to note that rats cannot digest dairy products well, so avoid feeding them any cheese or milk. Also, avoid giving them sugary or fatty treats, as these can lead to obesity and health issues. Make sure your rat has access to fresh water at all times, preferably in a water bottle with a sipper tube to prevent spillage and contamination.

Rats are omnivores, which means they can eat both plant and animal-based foods. However, if you choose to feed your rat any protein-rich foods such as meat or insects, be sure to do so in moderation and only as an occasional treat. Overfeeding protein can lead to kidney damage and other health problems in rats.

Keeping Your Rat Healthy and Happy

In addition to a proper diet, rats require regular veterinary check-ups to ensure they stay healthy. Find a veterinarian who specializes in small animals or exotics, as they will have the knowledge and experience to provide the best care for your rat. Vaccinations may not be necessary for rats, but it’s important to monitor their overall health and address any concerns promptly. Common health issues in rats include respiratory infections, tumors, and dental problems.

Rats are social animals and thrive in the company of humans and other rats. They require at least an hour of social interaction and playtime every day. Spend time with your rat, let them explore outside of the cage in a safe and supervised environment, and provide them with plenty of mental stimulation. This can include puzzle toys, hiding treats for them to find, or even teaching them tricks using positive reinforcement.

It’s also important to keep your rat’s cage clean and odor-free. Spot clean the cage daily by removing any waste or soiled bedding. Completely change the bedding and clean the cage at least once a week. Use a mild, rat-safe cleaner to disinfect the cage, and make sure it is dry before adding new bedding and returning your rat to the cage.


Rats make wonderful pets and can bring endless joy and companionship to your life. By providing them with a suitable cage, comfortable bedding, and engaging toys, you can create a safe and stimulating environment for your rat. Remember to feed them a balanced diet, provide regular veterinary care, and give them plenty of social interaction and playtime. With all these factors in place, you’ll have a healthy, happy, and contented rat as part of your family.