Pet Rat Supply List: Cage, Essentials, and Accessories


Pet rats make wonderful companions. They are intelligent, interactive, and can be easily trained. However, owning a pet rat comes with responsibilities. Just like any other pet, rats require proper care and attention to ensure their health and well-being. In this article, we will discuss the essential supplies you need to have as a rat owner, including the ideal cage, accessories, and other necessities.

Choosing the Right Cage:

One of the most important things you’ll need for your pet rat is a suitable cage. Rats are active animals and require enough space to move around and explore. A wire cage with a solid bottom is highly recommended, as it provides good ventilation and allows for easy cleaning. Make sure the bar spacing is narrow enough to prevent your rat from escaping.

The cage should be spacious enough to allow your rat to climb, play, and exercise. The minimum recommended size for a rat cage is 24 inches long, 12 inches wide, and 24 inches tall. However, bigger is always better when it comes to cage size. The more space your rat has, the happier they will be.

Essential Cage Accessories:

To make your pet rat feel at home, there are a few essential accessories you should include in their cage:

1. Bedding: Choose safe and absorbent bedding material for your rat’s comfort. Avoid cedar and pine shavings, as they can be harmful to their respiratory system. Opt for materials such as aspen or paper bedding.

2. Hideouts: Rats love to hide and feel safe in enclosed spaces. Provide them with small hideouts or shelters where they can relax and sleep. You can use wooden or plastic shelters specifically designed for small animals.

3. Exercise Wheel: Rats are highly energetic animals and enjoy running on wheels. Provide them with a solid-surface exercise wheel that is large enough for them to run comfortably. Avoid wire wheels, as they can cause injury to their feet and tails.

4. Ladders and Ramps: Include ladders and ramps in the cage to give your rat opportunities to climb and explore. You can purchase small wooden ladders or ramps designed for small pets.

5. Food and Water Containers: Use heavy ceramic or glass bowls for food and water. Rats have a tendency to tip over lightweight containers, so it’s essential to choose durable ones. Make sure to clean and refill these containers regularly to maintain hygiene.

Additional Accessories:

Apart from the essential cage accessories, there are a few more items that can enhance your rat’s living environment:

1. Toys: Rats are intelligent creatures and require mental stimulation. Provide them with toys such as tunnels, ropes, chew toys, and puzzle toys to keep them entertained and prevent boredom.

2. Hammocks and Hanging Beds: Rats love to relax and sleep in cozy spaces. Hanging hammocks or beds made of soft materials are perfect for them to snuggle in and rest.

3. Chewing Toys: Rats have constantly growing teeth and need to chew to keep them healthy. Include safe chew toys made from wood or hard plastic to satisfy their natural chewing instincts.

4. Gnaw Sticks: Gnaw sticks are essential for your rat’s dental health. These special sticks are made from vegetation and help wear down their teeth naturally.

5. Litter Box: Rats can be trained to use a litter box. Place a small litter box with rat-safe litter in a corner of the cage to encourage them to use it for urination and defecation. This helps in maintaining cleanliness and makes cage cleaning easier.

Health and Cleaning Supplies:

Keeping your rat’s cage clean and maintaining their health is crucial. Here are a few supplies you’ll need for that:

1. Cage Cleaner: Use a pet-safe cage cleaner or a mild soap to clean the cage. Avoid using harsh chemicals that can be harmful to your pet.

2. Water Bottle Brush: A long, thin brush is essential for cleaning the small openings of the water bottle. Regular cleaning prevents bacterial growth and ensures a clean water supply for your rat.

3. Nail Clippers: Just like any other pet, rats’ nails need regular trimming. Use small animal nail clippers to trim their nails carefully. Be cautious not to cut too close to the quick, as it can cause bleeding.

4. Veterinarian Supplies: It’s essential to have a rat-savvy veterinarian for regular health check-ups. Keep the contact information of a trusted vet handy, along with any necessary medications or treatments prescribed by the vet.


As a responsible rat owner, ensuring that your pet rat has a safe and comfortable living environment is crucial. By providing them with the right cage, accessories, and other necessities, you can ensure their well-being and happiness. Remember to clean the cage regularly, maintain proper hygiene, and provide a balanced diet to keep your pet rat healthy and thriving. With the right supplies and care, you can develop a strong bond with your pet rat and enjoy many joyful moments together.

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